Acute Health Effects
The following acute (short-term) health effects may occur immediately or shortly after exposure to Sodium Fluorosilicate:
It can irritate the skin causing a rash or burning feeling on contact. It can irritate the eyes on contact. Breathing Sodium Fluorosilicate(CAS NO.:16893-85-9) can irritate the nose, throat and lungs causing coughing,wheezing and/or shortness of breath. High exposure to this chemical can cause a salty or soapy taste in the mouth, nausea,vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea, muscle weakness, tremors, loss of consciousness, convulsions and death.
Chronic Health Effects
The following chronic (long-term) health effects can occur at some time after exposure to this chemical and can last for months or years:
According to the information presently available to the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Sodium Fluorosilicate has not been tested for its ability to cause cancer in animals.
According to the information presently available to the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, this chemical has not been tested for its ability to affect reproduction.
Other Long-Term Effects
this chemical can irritate the lungs. Repeated exposure may cause bronchitis to develop with cough, phlegm, and/or shortness of breath. Repeated high exposure can cause deposits of Fluorides in the bones and teeth, a condition called “Fluorosis.” This can cause pain, disability and mottling of the teeth.
WORKPLACE CONTROLS AND PRACTICES
Unless a less toxic chemical can be substituted for a hazardous substance, ENGINEERING CONTROLS are the most effective way of reducing exposure. The best protection is to enclose operations and/or provide local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release. Isolating operations can also reduce exposure. Using respirators or protective equipment is less effective than the controls mentioned above, but is sometimes necessary.
In evaluating the controls present in your workplace, consider:
(1) how hazardous the substance is, (2) how much of the substance is released into the workplace and (3) whether harmful skin or eye contact could occur. Special controls should be in place for highly toxic chemicals or when significant skin, eye, or breathing exposures are possible.
In addition, the following control is recommended:
Where possible, automatically transfer Sodium Fluorosilicate from drums or other storage containers to process containers.
Good WORK PRACTICES can help to reduce hazardous exposures. The following work practices are recommended:
Workers whose clothing has been contaminated by Sodium Fluorosilicate should change into clean clothing promptly. Do not take contaminated work clothes home. Family members could be exposed. Contaminated work clothes should be laundered by individuals who have been informed of the hazards of exposure to this chemical. Eye wash fountains should be provided in the immediate work area for emergency use. If there is the possibility of skin exposure, emergency shower facilities should be provided.
On skin contact with Sodium Fluorosilicate, immediately wash or shower to remove the chemical. At the end of the workshift, wash any areas of the body that may have contacted this chemical, whether or not known skin contact has occurred.
Do not eat, smoke, or drink where Sodium Fluorosilicate is handled, processed, or stored, since the chemical can be swallowed. Wash hands carefully before eating, drinking, smoking, or using the toilet. Use a vacuum or a wet method to reduce dust during clean-up. DO NOT DRY SWEEP.
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